The island of Tenerife

Tenerife is one of the Canary islands situated in the Atlantic ocean at 28°16′15″ N and 16°38′21″W. This location is the reason of a unique climate.

The Canary Islands were originally volcanic islands, they were formed by the Canary hot spot so they are relatively young. The geological age of the island of Tenerife is about 12 million years, with the formation of the island beginning on the seabed about 20-50 million years ago. In the picture below you can see the process of moving the African lithosphere plate towards Africa when Mid-Atlantic ridge is expanding. The oldest islands are Lanzarote and Fuerteventura, the youngest El Hierro.

Hotspot-Kanaren-e1512683712473-2

Picture 1: Formation of the Canary archipelago, blue numbers represent the age of each island in millions of years

Source: Convection-Hypothese (Carracedo, 1998)

Canary Islands are also called as the Islands of never ending spring. Why? The reason is visible in the table 1 with the average temperatures. The numbers in the table indicates average numbers measured in Tenerife Sur Airport.

Table 1: Data from the meteo station Tenerife Sur Aeropuerto, Source: http://www.aemet.es/en/serviciosclimaticos/datosclimatologicos/valoresclimatologicos?l=C429I

Month T TMax Tmin S Vlh Dn Jn SH
January 18.4 21.7 15.2 17 62 1.8 8.3 193
February 18.5 22.0 15.0 20 64 2.2 8.9 195
March 19.3 23.1 15.6 15 63 1.9 9.2 226
April 19.5 23.1 16.0 7 65 1.1 6.4 219
May 20.4 23.9 17.0 1 66 0.3 7.0 246
June 22.1 25.4 18.8 0 68 0.0 10.3 259
July 24.0 27.7 20.2 0 65 0.0 19.8 295
August 24.7 28.4 21.1 1 67 0.2 16.6 277
September 24.5 27.9 21.1 4 68 0.6 9.2 213
October 23.4 26.8 20.0 12 67 1.6 6.9 214
November 21.5 24.8 18.2 26 64 1.9 6.1 193
December 19.7 22.8 16.5 30 66 3.5 6.3 195
Year 21.4 24.8 17.9 132 66 15.2 114.0
  • T                                                      Average temperatures (°C)
  • TMax                                              Average of maximum daily temperatures (°C)
  • Tmin                                              Average of minimum daily temperatures (°C)
  • S                                                      Average rainfall (mm)
  • Vlh                                                 Average relative air humidity (%)
  • Dn                                                  Average number of rainfall days equal or greater                                                                 to 1 mm
  • Jn                                                    Average number of cloudless days
  • SH                                                   Average number of hours of sunshine

 

Table 2: Main information – important data,

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canary_Islands#Data

Flag Coat of arms Island Capital Area total (km2) Population total (2010) Population density
Flag of El Hierro with CoA.svg Coat of Arms of El Hierro.svg El Hierro Valverde 268.71 10,960 40.79
Flag of Fuerteventura.svg Coat of Arms of Fuerteventura.svg Fuerteventura Puerto del Rosario 1,660 103,492 62.34
Flag of Gran Canaria.svg Coat of Arms of Gran Canaria.svg Gran Canaria Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 1,560.1 845,676 542.07
Bandera La Gomera.PNG Coat of Arms of La Gomera.svg La Gomera San Sebastián 369.76 22,776 61.6
Flag of Lanzarote.svg Coat of Arms of Lanzarote.svg Lanzarote Arrecife 845.94 141,437 167.2
Flag of La Palma with CoA.svg Coat of Arms of La Palma.svg La Palma Santa Cruz de La Palma 708.32 86,324 121.87
Flag of Tenerife.svg Escudo de Tenerife.svg Tenerife Santa Cruz de Tenerife 2,034.38 906,854 445.76
La Graciosa Caleta de Sebo 29.05 658 22.65
Alegranza 10.3
Isla de Lobos 4.5
Montaña Clara 1.48
Roque del Este 0.06
Roque del Oeste 0.015